Connect with us! (65) 6441 3906

Our Approaches

The Conceptual Framework

Untitled-4LCCS adopts the ecological framework (Bronfenbrenner), the social cognitive learning theory (Albert Bandura) and asset-based community development principles, and uses the solution-focused (Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg) and restorative practice approaches to conceptualise and deliver its programmes.

LCCS conceptual framework views clients as a sum of a greater part that shapes and influences their development (Ecological Framework); it takes a holistic view of the client’s eco-system, which includes family, peers, school, workplace and the community so as to work towards a positive person-environment fit. It nurtures and increases students’ self-efficacy by intervening at the sources (personal, behavioural and environmental factors) that affect their self-efficacy (Social Cognitive Learning Theory) through individual counselling, group work and experiential activities. It also seeks to build the internal and external developmental assets of the clients so as to promote their positive and healthy development (Asset-Based Community Building Principles). The internal developmental assets are commitment to learning, positive values, social competencies and positive identity whilst the external assets are support, empowerment, boundaries and expectations and constructive use of time (Search Institute).

Last but not least, the use of restorative and solution-focused approaches establishes a ritual for resolving conflicts and validation of strengths that leads to the critical development of clients’ SEL competencies. These approaches help to build positive relationships, reinforce a sense of hope and optimism in the clients, and help them to acquire a sense of competency in facilitating their growth towards becoming self-directed learners.


The Programme Model


LCCS’ scope of work are provision of service, training and consultancy, advocating for the well-being of the clients and embarking on research and programme development work to meet the needs of clients and the community, build social capital and deliver innovative programmes.

LCCS deliver its programme with the following principles and guidelines:

  1. Ensuring the well-being of staff
  2. Delivering service with professionalism through training, clinical and programme supervision
  3. Ensuring accountability to stakeholders, including clients, funders and professional bodies through systems and work processes
  4. Providing client-centric interventions through collaboration and empowerment
  5. Promoting evidence-based practice through use of validated assessment tools


The Quad Chart


The LCCS quad chart illustrates the process of its programme delivery. The services are provided through LCCS conceptual framework to work towards the vision. Using the logic model, the programme work towards the identified outcomes via the milestones. The achievement of the outcomes is evaluated with the use of validated assessment tools.